Video Scenes and Topics
Introduction on How to Use a Classic Pocket Color Wheel
Introduction on How to Mix Various Oil Paint Colors Using a Classic Pocket Color Wheel
Description of How to Apply the Traditional Munsell Linear Gray scale to a Oil Painting.
Hall specifically compares the ten different values to his gray scale painting of the teacup and eggs.
Professor Groat Describes the Types of Bristle Brushes he Uses and How to Identify a Flat versus a Bright or Filbert.
Detailed Demonstration of How to Organize the Oil Paint on a Glass Palette and Mix it with a Paintbrush
Demonstration on How to Stretch a Cotton Duct Canvas Around a Wooden Stretcher Frame and then Properly Fold and Staple the Corners.
Demonstration on How to Properly Size and and Seal the Canvas that was Just Stretched Using Professional Acrylic Gesso.
Elements of Art and Principles of Design by Hall Groat II
The point is simplest element in an artwork, and when grouped together in a row may suggest lines that can be used to create both shapes and forms. Points when combine may also place emphasis on particular parts of a composition. The contours of the eggs and teacup seen within this DVD were formed through a series of interconnected points that formed implied lines, or the edges of the forms.
A line can be thought of as points so close together that they lose their individual identity and form a new entity, as in characteristic contour lines of the eggs and teacup. Since lines can
be straight, curved, or irregularly shaped, one may also think of a line as the track of a point in motion. Lines, similar to points, may direct attention to a specific location in a visual image.
A shape is formed when a line encloses an area. Shapes may vary endlessly—as infinite geometric and irregular shape configurations—and may suggest physical form and direct eye movement. Simple shapes are remembered and understood more easily than complex shapes, similar to the simple characteristics of the included teacup and egg shapes. Shapes define figure and ground relationships, and are contrasted through value, texture, and color.
Value is the relative degree of lightness and darkness of a design element. Line, color, texture, and shape all need value contrast in order to be seen. Value is used to describe objects, shapes, and space. A variety of values were used to realize a sense of volume and depth with the eggs and teacup paintings.
Texture is defined as the surface characteristics of a material that can be experienced through the sense of touch or the illusion of a particular tactile surface. Within the chapter of this
DVD entitled, Stretching and Sizing Canvas, the surface of cotton canvas seen is quite rough in texture, both visually and to the touch. Then, the acrylic gesso is applied and sanded with rough sandpaper to make the canvas smooth!
Color is the part of light that is reflected by the object we see.
Space is the illusion of objects having a sense of depth on the two-dimensional surface. Both linear and atmospheric perspective are used to suggest the illusion of depth. Within many of the paintings I create, as the forms receded back into space, they become soft and diffused in nature, which is defined as atmospheric perspective.
Unity refers to an overall sense of completeness in a work of art through the use of art elements, which include shape, space, point, line, color, value and texture. It’s the relationship among the elements of the piece that helps all these pieces work together as one. It gives an artwork a sense of order that heightens the viewer’s understanding and appreciation of the piece. In the teacup and eggs painting referred to within the DVD in the section entitled, Value: An Important Painting Element, I focused on varying the value, texture, and scale of the forms to balance all of the elements and unify the piece.
Harmony is ultimately achieved in a painting when all parts of the artwork relate to, and complement one other, pulling the elements together in a visually pleasing manner. In the teacupand eggs piece I varied the scale, proximity of the forms, and proportion of the negative space in a way that evoked a feeling of visual harmony.
Variety enables contrast to unity and harmony through presenting in diverse and visually engaging manners the art elements. For example, the size and relationships of shapes and forms can be contrasted, in addition to the particular textures, colors and values of these shapes and forms. In the teacup and egg painting I naturally varied the value, in addition to rhythmically contrasting different sizes and shapes of paint strokes.
Hierarchy refers to the manner in which the viewer’s eyes are lead throughout an artwork from the most important area to the elements which are less important. The area in an artwork that the viewer is supposed to look at first is often defined as the focal-point, center of interest, or main emphasis. With respect to the teacup and eggs one views the teacup first since it’s centrally positioned and the largest in scale.
Scale refers to the size of a shape or form in relation to other shapes and forms. The two eggs are smaller in size compared to the teacup!
Balancing the visual weight of the two eggs and teacup gives the piece a psychological sense of equilibrium. There exist several types of balances within compositions, including symmetrical, asymmetrical, and radial symmetry. When a composition appears to be visually dominant or too heavy on one side, elements on the other side must be varied to counterbalance the artwork. The teacup and eggs piece is asymmetrically balanced since one side is different from the other, however the two eggs counterbalance the visual weight of the central teacup form.
Rhythm is the result of repetition which leads one’s eyes throughout a composition so that the piece does not appear static. With the teacup and eggs the value and texture was uniquely varied to move the viewer’s eyes rhythmically throughout the work.
Proportion is the comparative relationship between two or more elements in a composition with respect to size, color, negative space, etc. That is, the size of one element in a composition.
compared to the size of another related element. A good sense of proportion adds harmony, symmetry, and balance between all the elements in the eggs and teacup painting. In this piece visual interest was added to the composition by varying the proportions between foreground, background areas, and the amount of negative space allotted to the right and left sides of the three forms.
Repetition is one of the simplest concepts in design to understand, and is when a line, shape, color, form, texture, or value is repeated in different parts of a composition. In the teacup and eggs piece value and texture were repeated to achieve a visually harmonious and unified artwork. Although with each element that was repeated its proximity was carefully considered in the composition, referring to where it was placed, as in the foreground, background, middle ground, or above, below, to the left or the right side.